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Documentary director takes Detroit's story 'Beyond the Motor City'

Aaron Woolf
Aaron Woolf

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Director Aaron Woolf has just started a nationwide tour promoting his PBS documentary on transit and Detroit, Blueprint America: Beyond the Motor City. Before the tour, though, he was concerned Detroit would fall victim to the "Thank God for Mississippi" syndrome.

Years ago, when Woolf was away at college in Vermont, he met a kid from Alabama who razzed him with: "Thank God for Mississippi." What? asked Woolf, who has family in Mississippi but was raised in Baltimore. The kid answered: "You know how Alabama is usually 49th in most of the statistics that measure prosperity and economic vitality? Well Mississippi is always 50th. So dang it if we aren't always saying, 'Thank God for Mississippi.' "

Woolf worried a similar scenario would play out as he told Detroit's story. "I had this kind of fear that other cities would say, 'Thank God for Detroit,' " he says. Thankfully, "it hasn't been that at all."

"I think a lot of cities can look at Detroit and instead of saying, 'Thank God for Detroit,' they can say 'There are profound lessons for me,' " he says. "That was my greatest hope, and that seems to be coming true so far."

Woolf's tour stops in Detroit at 6 p.m. Tuesday, March 18, at Wayne State University's Law School. There will be discussion and a screening of the documentary, which first aired nationally on PBS in February.

Woolf says that the message of his documentary is to tell the story of how decades of automobile-centric infrastructure policies have been detrimental to the nation's economy, through the lens of what's happened in Detroit.

"To me this film -- even though it is ostensibly about Detroit -- it is so thoroughly about the whole country," he says. "If you had to shrink the whole movie down into one sentence or one thing, it would be: Infrastructure choices have consequences. The way your promote people getting around has a profound impact on how you shape communities."

'Because we've had enough'

Detroit, as of late, has had no shortage of high-profile media attention, and not all of it has been well received locally (like, say, reports from Dateline and TIME).

Woolf says that even as he was making the PBS film, he was keenly aware of the other media reports and how Detroiters responded to them.

"The feeling of piling on was something that was really in the back of my head," he says. "In some ways, I was in a funny position, because it's almost impossibly seductive for people from other places to come in and want to take pictures of Michigan Central Station. There was a moment when I had to say to myself, wait a moment, this is an incredibly poignant image, and my story is about transportation. This is a national issue, why this train station looks like this. And that's a much bigger story than 'Detroit's in decline.' "

Even while filming, Woolf got an earful from locals asking him to tell the story the right way. He tells an anecdote about a woman he "met" while filming in an area his friends called "the Hamtramck suburbs," the area just to the north near the Davison. "I am like sitting on the window of the car, with my elbows on the roof of the car, and my butt is embarrassingly sticking out the window. We were doing a poor man's tracking shot and taking pictures of some particularly decrepit storefronts.

"A woman going in the opposite direction slows down her car and reaches her body almost as far out of her car as I am out of mine, and yells: 'I hope to God you are telling something positive about this city, because we've had enough.' "

He got her message, loud and clear. "I was so taken aback. It was so shrill. I have Southern family, and when I get chastised I revert to 'Yes, ma'am and yes, sir.' So I replied, 'Yes, ma'am.' "

Why you won't see 'Infrastructure: The Musical'

He said one of the best parts of telling Detroit's story, for him, was dispelling popularly held notions that all of Detroit's problems originated in the '67 riots and the implosion of the Big Three. "It was really exciting to find great and solid evidence that Detroit's problems predated all of that," he says. Transportation decisions made all across the country are more to blame, Woolf and his film contend, and, he says, "It's a much less sexy story."

"From a journalism standpoint, even trying to raise money for a movie about infrastructure, people are not very imaginative that people are going to want to sit and watch a story about infrastructure," he says, and then jokes, "The multiplex is full of infrastructure films."

PBS and WNET in New York, he says, recognized this was a really important and relevant national story. He says the follow up conversations and tour -- which have taken him to Spain, St. Louis, and Memphis, so far, and will continue in Detroit, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, Nashville, Buffalo, and Omaha -- are also extremely important. "It's really not about the film as much. The film is really meant to be an introduction to the conversation and not a polemic."

So what's next?

One striking archival clip that Woolf uses in the doc shows footage of a vibrant downtown Detroit, back when the streetcars ran and the streets were bustling. That was so many decades ago, many adults have grown up in metro Detroit never knowing downtown could look like that.

"Wasn't that awesome to see? All those people walking down Woodward -- I couldn't believe that footage either," Woolf says. "The film was trying to say that when Detroit had public transportation it was marvelous. The streetcar system, it created this kind of vitality."

Woolf says infrastructure choices, which generally come in times of economic distress, do make a difference. He says downtown Madrid, where he just was, has the bustle now that Detroit lost when it lost streetcars. "If there's one regret I have, it is that the film is so sunny bunny about Spain, and as we know Spain is in deep economic straits right now ... But the question is that when this crisis ends -- as we know they all do -- who is going to be better positioned to build the next economy?"

Woolf says he's not sure what's next for him after the tour, but he does know that he's got a thing for Detroit. He hopes to keep following the Detroit story, as it unfolds.

The director sees potential in our fair city. At the end of the film, Woolf closes with a segment that imagines a future Detroit that has shed the transit "monoculture," as he calls it, and instead has embraced a bounty of transit options. He says this is an opportunity for the entire country to take seriously finding infrastructure solutions that will keep our cities vibrant.

"We have an opportunity to do something that really only happens once in a generation," he says. "You may talk about right-sizing the city, but I'm talking on a national scale, we can lay the foundation for our new economy."

Clare Pfeiffer Ramsey is editor of Model D. Send feedback here.


Woolf will appear at a special screening of his documentary at 6 p.m. Tuesday, May 18, at the Wayne State University Law School Auditorium, 471 W. Palmer, in Detroit. The event is free and open to the public. It's sponsored by Transit Riders United and Wayne State.

You can find clips from the Beyond the Motor City documentary here. Here's one of them:



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