Painting a new Grand Rapids neighborhood

Catalysts for Neighborhood Growth
The people and places behind innovation and jobs are where we can really take the pulse of statewide recovery.
Grand Rapids' Heartside neighborhood is now notable for being a growing arts district in downtown Grand Rapids, particularly along Division Ave. between Fulton and Wealthy Streets. But it hasn't always been this way.

The four-blocks now known as the Avenue for the Arts were boarded up buildings and blight in the late 1990s. The homeless population had settled there, due to its proximity to missions and ministries. But in 1998, Reb Roberts and his wife Carmel Loftis signed the lease on the empty building at 140 S. Division, which they would move into in 1999 as Sanctuary Folk Art, a gallery specializing in pop folk artwork. With a background in child development, working with families for over 20 years, Roberts says his love of the arts came from his work with young children. 

Roberts had been putting art in public spaces and blighted neighborhoods long before he came to S. Division, but it was on this block that he began working with Heartside Ministries, a nonprofit that had a small, drop-in program for low-income and homeless persons to make art.

"They had a core group of artists, and it was just going in and painting and meeting the artists (that) I became familiar with persons, (as opposed to) just the neighborhood," Roberts says. "My wife worked at God's Kitchen, so she was familiar with the neighborhood too. I really fell in love with the artists down there. I could see the downside, but because I had a background working with families and kids in depressed neighborhoods, it was a little bit different."

"I was prepared to deal with the neighborhood because I was familiar with it," Roberts says. "I didn't know it was not a good business choice to come down here and be one of the first on the block and having to deal with the terrain as it was. But I wasn't afraid to confront some of those things either."

Roberts got permission to paint on the boarded up storefronts, as he had done in other neighborhoods. "It started to peak an interest," he says.

Initially, Roberts was told that the area around him would start to be developed within the next five months. But five months, he says, turned into five years. 

One of the biggest changes happened in 2011 when the UICA relocated to the corner of Fulton and Division as a mixed-used facility.
While a few businesses moved in during those five years, it was in 2004 that the redevelopment Roberts had been waiting for began. Dwelling Place, a nonprofit established in 1980 to offer affordable housing and support to individual and families, renovated several buildings to become income-based apartments. Several of these spaces also acted as live/work spaces, attracting artists and musicians. Now a residential neighborhood, with many of the residents using storefronts as homes for galleries, yoga studios and salons, the neighborhood was picking up speed. The title Avenue for the Arts was established for the area in 2005. 

"What you had for most of those years was those daring individuals -- artists and art admirers -- that really would brave whatever neighborhood to see things they were interested in. And the neighborhood added to the whole flavor," he says. "Then you started bringing ArtPrize people who were naive to the city and because they were en masses, they felt safer. You had young people coming down here who got used to the terrain when they were young, so as they become adults, there's not that fear factor that the established group had with this community." 

Recently, the block has seen some relatively new commerce. The Dirty Hippie, a coffeehouse that closed earlier this month, replaced the hole left by Skelletones when it finally closed after a decade in 2009. Grand River Cigar Lounge is now its neighbor, with office suites nearby hosting a number of businesses, including PR/Marketing firm Clark Communications. In 2008, Rockwell's/Republic, a restaurant and bar, moved in and secured itself with
The Heartside neighborhood was picking up speed by 2005, when the title 'Avenue for the Arts' was established.
consistent clientele. One of the biggest changes happened in late 2011 when the Urban Institute of Contemporary Arts relocated to the corner of Fulton and Division as a mixed-used facility complete with retail space and apartments. 

Still, the neighborhood has its challenges. Jenn Schaub, who acts as Dwelling Place's Neighborhood Revitalization Associate, says, "The most significant changes in recent times have occurred over the last six years, with new development and infill creating more space for retail and storefronts." But as the development along S. Divisions has increased, it has also done so in other neighborhoods, which can create vacancies as businesses relocate for various reasons. As such, the street changes often.

As Roberts anticipates new neighbors filling in remaining vacancies, he attributes his own longevity to the respect one acquires only through that longevity. He deals with the neighborhood as an informed, long-time resident, and by treating everyone he encounters as an individual. With 13 years under his belt, Roberts is truly an urban pioneer.

All photos by Adam Bird

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John Logie
Former Mayor,
Grand Rapids

John Logie served as Mayor of Grand Rapids from 1991-2003, the longest serving Mayor in city history. A Navy veteran and a lawyer by trade, Logie has continued to be active in Grand Rapids where he currently lives with his wife of 50 years. 

What was downtown like when you became Mayor (1991) versus what it is today?
I walked down Monroe Center with a little pad and pencil and started counting vacant storefronts. The buildings had shared walls, tight clustering -- this was the heart of retail. (There were) 76 of them. So, we tore that whole street up and we put in all new infrastructure.

In your opinion, what is something a city must do if it wants to be successful?
The essence of what makes a city successful is a successful downtown, not one that people flee from at five. You have to have people living there.

What kinds of residencies work in a downtown area?
A layer-cake. There's retail on the first floor, then commercial space to give you an economic base, and everything above should be housing.

When you want to make big changes, what's the most important thing to know starting out?
We've got to be willing to try things, to take risks, to make mistakes. Hopefully, not critical mistakes, but ones that you learn from.

What do you think is next for Grand Rapids?
I'm trying to bring electric streetcars into downtown. First, we've got to finish the Silver Line. We've got the money -- that's going to happen. We've got to build the loop.